Academy Awards

Academy Awards

As of 2021, Disney has won a total of 135 Academy Awards, but the impressive number is that of these, 32 were won by Walt Disney personally. This is by far the record, and Walt Disney is in the Guinness Book of World Records. (Second in line is Cedric Gibbons, the MGM art director, with 11 awards and tied for third is costume designer Edith Head, and composer Alan Menken, with eight). Most of Walt Disney’s awards came to him as producer of a film. He also won the prestigious Irving Thalberg Award, given by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Animated Disney characters have occasionally appeared on the Academy Awards show. While Minnie, Donald, and Daisy watched from the audience, Mickey Mouse interacted with Tom Selleck in 1988, an animated Belle and Beast appeared in 1992, Snow White in 1993, and Woody and Buzz from Toy Story in 1996. The use of a live Snow White in an uncomplimentary musical number with Rob Lowe in 1989 led to an immediate lawsuit by Disney, which was dropped after the Academy offered an apology. Woody and Buzz Lightyear and the Star Wars robots presented awards in 2016.

The awards, listed by the year in which they were presented, are as follows:

1)* Flowers and Trees (Cartoon Short Subject, 1931-32)
2)* Special Award to Walt Disney for the creation of Mickey Mouse

3)* Three Little Pigs (Cartoon Short Subject, 1932-33)

4)* The Tortoise and the Hare (Cartoon Production, 1934)

5)* Three Orphan Kittens (Cartoon Production, 1935)

6)* The Country Cousin (Cartoon Short Subject, 1936)

7)* The Old Mill (Cartoon Short Subject, 1937)
8)* Top Technical Award to Walt Disney Productions for the design and application to production of the Multi-Plane Camera, 1937

9)* Ferdinand the Bull (Cartoon Short Subject, 1938)
10)* Special Award to Walt Disney for Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs–recognized as a significant screen innovation which has charmed millions and pioneered a great new entertainment field for the motion picture cartoon

11)* The Ugly Duckling (Cartoon Short Subject, 1939)

12) Pinocchio (Song, 1940: “When You Wish Upon A Star” by Leigh Harline and Ned Washington)
13) Pinocchio (Original Score, 1940, by Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, and Ned Washington)

14)* Irving Thalberg Memorial Award to Walt Disney for “the most consistent high quality of production achievement by an individual producer.” (This is not an Oscar but a special award in the form of a bust of Thalberg.)
15)* Special Technical Award for “outstanding contribution to the advancement of the use of sound in motion pictures through the production of Fantasia
16)* Lend a Paw (Cartoon Short Subject, 1941)
17) Special Award to Leopold Stokowski and associates for their achievement “in the creation of a new form of visualized music” (Fantasia)
18) Dumbo (Original Score, 1941, by Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace)

19)* Der Fuehrer’s Face (Best Cartoon Short Subject, 1942-43)

20) Special Technical Award to Members of the Walt Disney Studio Sound Department, for a process of checking and locating noise in sound tracks

21) Song of the South (Song, 1947: “Zip-A-Dee-Doo-Dah”; Music by Allie Wrubel, Lyrics by Ray Gilbert)
22) Song of the South (Honorary Award to James Baskett, for his “able and heartwarming characterization of Uncle Remus, friend and storyteller to the children of the world”)

23)* Seal Island (Two-Reel Short Subject, 1948)

24) Honorary Award to Bobby Driscoll, outstanding juvenile actor of 1949 (performances included So Dear to My Heart)

25)* In Beaver Valley (Two-Reel Short Subject, 1950)

26)* Nature’s Half Acre (Two-Reel Short Subject, 1951)

27)* Water Birds (Two-Reel Short Subject, 1952)

28)* The Living Desert (Documentary Feature, 1953)
29)* Bear Country (Two-Reel Short Subject, 1953)
30)* The Alaskan Eskimo (Documentary Short Subject, 1953)
31)* Toot, Whistle, Plunk, and Boom (Cartoon Short Subject, 1953)

32)* The Vanishing Prairie (Documentary Feature, 1954)
33)* 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (Achievement with Special Effects, 1954)
34) 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (Achievement in Art and Set Decoration, 1954; John Meehan and Emile Kuri)

35)* Men Against the Arctic (Documentary Short Subject, 1955)

36)* The Wetback Hound (Live-Action Short Subject, 1957; Walt Disney, Executive Producer; Larry Lansburgh, Producer)

37)* White Wilderness (Documentary Feature, 1958)
38)* Grand Canyon (Live-Action Short Subject, 1958)
39)* Ama Girls (Documentary Short Subject, 1958; Walt Disney, Executive Producer; Ben Sharpsteen, Producer)

40) Special Technical Award to Ub Iwerks for the design of an improved optical printer for special effects and matte shots

41)* The Horse With the Flying Tail (Documentary Feature, 1960; Walt Disney, Executive Producer; Larry Lansburgh, Producer)
42) Pollyanna (Honorary Award to Hayley Mills for the most outstanding juvenile performance during 1960)

43) Mary Poppins (Actress, 1964; Julie Andrews)
44) Mary Poppins (Song, 1964: “Chim-Chim Cheree” by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman)
45) Mary Poppins (Musical Score, Original, 1964, by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman)
46) Mary Poppins (Film Editing, 1964; Cotton Warburton)
47) Mary Poppins (Special Visual Effects, 1964; Peter Ellenshaw, Hamilton Luske, and Eustace Lycett)
48) Special Technical Award to Petro Vlahos, Wadsworth Pohl, and Ub Iwerks for conception and perfection of techniques of color traveling matte composite cinematography [Mary Poppins]

49)* Winnie the Pooh and the Blustery Day (Cartoon Short Subject, 1968; Walt Disney, Executive Producer)

50) It’s Tough to Be a Bird (Cartoon Short Subject, 1969; Ward Kimball, Producer)

51) Bedknobs and Broomsticks (Special Visual Effects, 1971; Danny Lee, Eustace Lycett, and Alan Maley)

52) Technical Achievement Award to David W. Spencer for the development of an Animation Photo Transfer process (APT)

53) The Color of Money (Actor, 1986; Paul Newman)

54) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Award for Special Achievement in Animation Direction to Richard Williams)
55) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Film Editing, 1988; Arthur Schmidt)
56) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Sound Effects Editing, 1988; Charles L. Campbell, Louis L. Edemann)
57) Who Framed Roger Rabbit (Visual Effects, 1988; Ken Ralston, Richard Williams, Edward Jones, George Gibbs)

58) Dead Poets Society (Original Screenplay, 1989; Tom Schulman)
59) The Little Mermaid (Original Score, 1989; Alan Menken)
60) The Little Mermaid (Best Song, 1989: “Under the Sea”; Music by Alan Menken, Lyrics by Howard Ashman)

61) Dick Tracy (Makeup, 1990; John Caglione Jr., Doug Drexler)
62) Dick Tracy (Art Direction/Set Decoration, 1990; Richard Sylbert [art]; Rick Simpson [set])
63) Dick Tracy (Best Song, 1990: “Sooner or Later [I Always Get My Man]”; Music and Lyrics by Stephen Sondheim)

64) Scientific/Technical Award to Members of the Walt Disney Feature Animation Department, for CAPS (Computer Animated Production System), showcased in Beauty and the Beast. The system enables the seamless combination of hand-drawn and computer animation. Disney employees receiving awards: Randy Cartwright, David B. Coons, Lem Davis, James Houston, Mark Kimball, Thomas Hahn, Peter Nye, Michael Shantzis, and David F. Wolf
65) Scientific/Technical award to YCM Laboratories for the motion picture restoration process with liquid gate and registration correction on a contact printer, as used in the restoration of Fantasia
66) Beauty and the Beast (Original Score, 1991; Alan Menken)
67) Beauty and the Beast (Best Song, 1991: “Beauty and the Beast”; Music by Alan Menken, Lyrics by Howard Ashman)

68) Aladdin (Original Score, 1992; Alan Menken)
69) Aladdin (Best Song, 1992: “A Whole New World”; Music by Alan Menken, Lyrics by Tim Rice)

70) Ed Wood (Supporting Actor, 1994; Martin Landau)
71) Ed Wood (Makeup, 1994; Rick Baker, Ve Neill, Yolanda Toussieng)
72) The Lion King (Original Score, 1994; Hans Zimmer)
73) The Lion King (Best Song, 1994: “Can You Feel the Love Tonight”; Music by Elton John, Lyrics by Tim Rice)

74) Special Achievement Oscar, 1995, to John Lasseter, director and co-writer of Toy Story, for “the development and inspired application of techniques that have made possible the first feature-length computer-animated film.”
75) Pocahontas (Original Musical or Comedy Score, 1995; Alan Menken and Stephen Schwartz)
76) Pocahontas (Best Song, 1995: “Colors of the Wind”; Music by Alan Menken, Lyrics by Stephen Schwartz)

77) Evita (Best Song, 1996: “You Must Love Me”; Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Lyrics by Tim Rice)

78) Tarzan (Best Song, 1999: “You’ll Be in My Heart”; Music and lyrics by Phil Collins)
79) Scientific/Technical Award to Hoyt H. Yeatman Jr. of DREAM QUEST IMAGES and John C. Brewer of Eastman Kodak for the identification and diagnosis leading to the elimination of the ‘red fringe’ artifact in traveling matte composite photography.

80) Monsters, Inc. (Best Song, 2001: “If I Didn’t Have You”; Music and lyrics by Randy Newman)
81) Pearl Harbor (Best Sound Editing; George Watters II, Christopher Boyes)

82) Scientific/Technical Award to Eric Daniels, George Kanatics, Tasso Lappas, and Chris Springfield (Feature Animation) for the development of the Deep Canvas rendering software which was used first in Tarzan and more extensively in Treasure Planet
83) Spirited Away (Best Animated Feature, Hiyao Miyazaki, producer)

84) Finding Nemo (Best Animated Feature, Andrew Stanton, producer)

85) The Incredibles (Best Animated Feature, Brad Bird, writer-director)
86) The Incredibles (Best Sound Editing, Randy Thom, Michael Silvers)

87) The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (Best Makeup, Howard Berger, Tami Lane)

88) Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest (Best Visual Effects, John Knoll, Hal Hickel, Charles Gibson, Allen Hall)

89) Ratatouille (Best Animated Feature, Brad Bird, director)

90) WALL•E (Best Animated Feature, Andrew Stanton, director)

91) Up (Best Animated Feature, Pete Docter, director)
92) Up (Best Original Score, Michael Giacchino)

93) Toy Story 3 (Best Animated Feature, Lee Unkrich, director)
94) Toy Story 3 (Best Song, “We Belong Together,” music and lyrics by Randy Newman)
95) Alice in Wonderland (Best Art Direction; Production Design – Robert Stromberg, Set Decoration – Karen O’Hara)
96) Alice in Wonderland (Best Costume Design, Colleen Attwood)

97) The Help (Best Supporting Actress, Octavia Spencer)
98) The Muppets (Best Original Song, “Man or Muppet,” Bret McKenzie)

99) Lincoln (Best Actor, Daniel Day-Lewis)
100) Lincoln (Best Production Design, Rick Carter and Jim Erickson)
101) Brave (Best Animated Feature, Mark Andrews and Brenda Chapman)
102) Paperman (Best Animated Short, John Kahrs)

103) Frozen (Best Animated Feature, Chris Buck, Jennifer Lee, Peter Del Vecho)
104) Frozen (Best Original Song, “Let It Go,” music and lyrics by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez)
105) Scientific and Technical Award to Florian Kainz, Jeffery Yost, Philip Hubbard and Jim Hourihan [ILM] for the architecture and development of the Zeno application framework.
106) Scientific and Technical Award to Oliver Maury, Ian Sachs and Dan Piponi for the creation of the ILM Plume system that simulates and renders fire, smoke, and explosions for motion picture visual effects.

107) Big Hero 6 (Best Animated Feature, Don Hall, Chris Williams, Roy Conli)
108) Feast (Best Animated Short, Patrick Osborne and Kristina Reed)
109) Scientific and Technical Award to Cary Phillips, Nicholas Popravka, Philip Peterson, and Colette Mullenhoff [ILM for the architecture, development and creation of the artist-driven interface of the ILM Shape Sculpting System.
110) Scientific and Technical Award to Brice Criswell and Ron Fedkiw for the development of the ILM PhysBAM Destruction System.

111) Bridge of Spies (Best Supporting Actor, Mark Rylance)
112) Inside Out (Best Animated Feature, Pete Docter, Jonas Rivera)
113) Scientific and Technical Award to Ronald Mallet and Christoph Bregler for the design and engineering of the Industrial Light & Magic Geometry Tracker, which facilitates convincing interaction of digital and live-action elements within a scene.

114) O.J.: Made in America (Best Documentary Feature, 2016: Ezra Edelman and Caroline Waterlow)
115) The Jungle Book (Best Visual Effects, 2016: Robert Legato, Adam Valdez, Andrew R. Jones, and Dan Lemmon)
116) Piper (Best Animated Short, 2016: Alan Barillaro and Marc Sondheimer)
117) Zootopia (Best Animated Feature, 2016: Byron Howard, Rich Moore, and Clark Spencer)
118) Technical Achievement Award to Brian Whited for the design and development of the Meander drawing system at Walt Disney Animation Studios.

119) Coco (Best Animated Feature, 2017:  Lee Unkrich and Darla K. Anderson).
120) Coco (Best Original Song, 2017: “Remember Me”; music and lyrics by Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez).
121) Technical Achievement Award to Jason Smith and Jeff White for the original design and Rachel Rose and Mike Jutan for the architecture and engineering of the Block Party procedural rigging system at Industrial Light and Magic.
122) Technical Achievement Award to Rob Jensen for the foundational design and continued development, to Thomas Hahn for the animation toolset, and to George ElKoura, Adam Woodbury, and Dirk Van Gelder for the high-performance execution engine of the Presto Animation System at Pixar Animation Studios.

123) Black Panther (Best Costume Design, 2018: Ruth Carter)
124) Black Panther (Best Original Score, 2018: Ludwig Göransson)
125) Black Panther (Best Production Design, 2018: Hannah Beachler, production designer; Jay Hart, set decorator)
126) Bao (Best Animated Short, 2018: Domee Shi and Becky Neiman-Cobb)

127) Toy Story 4 (Best Animated Feature, 2019: Josh Cooley, Mark Nielsen, and Jonas Rivera) 
128) Ford v Ferrari (Best Film Editing, 2019: Michael McCusker and Andrew Buckland)
129) Ford v Ferrari (Best Sound Editing, 2019: Donald Sylvester)
130) Jojo Rabbit (Best Adapted Screenplay, 2019: Taika Waititi)

131) Soul (Best Animated Feature, 2020: Pete Docter and Dana Murray)
132) Soul (Best Original Score, 2020: Trent Reznor, Atticus Ross, Jon Batiste)
133) Nomadland (Best Actress in a Leading Role, 2020: Frances McDormand)
134) Nomadland (Best Director, 2020: Chloé Zhao)
135) Nomadland (Best Picture, 2020: Frances McDormand, Peter Spears, Mollye Asher, Dan Janvey, Chloé Zhao)

* presented to Walt Disney