Multiplane camera

Multiplane camera Camera which gave depth to an animated film by use of layers of backgrounds painted on glass; first used in The Old Mill (1937) but used most effectively in the features of the 1940s, such as Pinocchio, Fantasia, and Bambi. It was the invention of Disney staff members under William Garity, and its creators received a special Scientific and Technical-category Academy Award. The vertical camera stand could hold up to six background layers. Ub Iwerks, who had left the Disney Studio several years earlier, created his own version of a multiplane camera at his studio about the same time, but it was a horizontal arrangement. The last film to shoot multiplane scenes on the camera was Oliver & Company.